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A Democratic Developmental State in Africa?

Research Record 105

May possibly 2005

MIDDLE FOR PLAN STUDIES

Devoted to independent insurance plan research

A Democratic Developmental State in Africa?

An idea paper

By simply

Omano Edigheji

Research statement

A Democratic Developmental Express in The african continent?

A concept newspaper

Omano Edigheji

Centre for Policy Research

Johannesburg

Might 2005

This paper forms part of the CPS ‘State Series'

The Hub for Plan Studies is definitely an independent study institution, incorporated as an association not for gain under Section 21 with the

Companies Action.

The Kia Foundation nicely provided the funding just for this research work. However , the views expressed from this report will be those of the writer, and do not actually reflect the views with the Ford Basis.

Centre for Policy Studies

1st Flooring

9 Wellington Road

Parktown

Johannesburg, S. africa

P Um Box 16488

Doornfontein 2028

Johannesburg, S. africa

Tel (011) 642-9820

Fernkopie (011) 643-4654

e-mail: [email protected] org. za

www.cps.org.za

ISBN 1-920030-21-2

This Concept Paper forms part of a larger project about ‘The role of the State in Africa'. This project is financed by the Honda Foundation, Johannesburg, South Africa, in whose generous support and foresight we gratefully acknowledge.

STAND OF ITEMS

1 .

LAUNCH

1

2 .

THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL CONSTRUCTION: TOWARDS THE DEMOCRATIC

2

DEVELOPING STATE IN AFRICA

3.

THE POLITICAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL TRAJECTORIES OF AFRICA SINCE 1960

13

4.

BOTTOM LINE

18

1 )

INTRODUCTION

A brief history of the post-independent African condition is that of thunderous democratic and developmental failures. The handful of exceptions for this have been Makalamabedi, botswana and Mauritius, and to a degree, democratic S. africa. After nearly four . 5 decades of independence, many countries on the continent happen to be characterised simply by underdevelopment. The evidence for this state of underdevelopment can be found in any social and economic symptoms one cares to examine.

At the economic level, Africa has become marked by simply:

•

the dominance with the primary sector – culture, oil and minerals -- partly because of the inability in the African express to engender an environment for high valueadded economic actions

•

low domestic capital formation and declining immediate foreign expense

•

overseas aid dependence

•

heavy indebtedness

•

high joblessness and the informalisation of the economies where the most its people live in poverty.

Consequently, at the outset of the 21st century, Africa is unable to compete in the global economic system. In fact , the marginalisation has been reinforced, specifically since the 1980s. In the same vein, nearly all African countries lack simple social and physical facilities. As a result, most people on the place have no entry to basic software program as admisible water, electric power, good cleanliness, roads and healthcare. All this coupled with a top illiteracy level, especially among women. The lack of use of basic medical care occurs against a foundation of ravaging diseases; a predicament which has become exacerbated while using advent of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The region accounts for regarding 70 % of all HIV-infected persons and AIDS-related deaths on the globe. All of this is against the backdrop with the absence of a social back-up to cushioning the effects of the harsh socioeconomic facts experienced by simply most Africans. The state of underdevelopment has been strong by authoritarianism, political instability, ethnic and religious disputes and civil wars. Seeing that attaining all their independence, most African countries have been laid low with some form of political conflict. This has included the civil battles in Nigeria in the 1960s, Liberia in the 1990s, the Off white Coast inside the 2000s, Angola for most of its post-independence period, the crisis inside the horn of Africa (including the current detrimental war in the Democratic Republic of Congo) and the...

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