Ötzi the Iceman
Named after the Otzal Alps where he was found in 1991, which is for the border of Austria and Italy. Also known as " Iced Fritz” or Similaun Guy. Body old to around 3300 BCE (before common era)- that's the thirty fourth century BCE or 5310 years old! Earliest specimen of European Chalcolithic Age; as good preserved since the body was covered with ice right after death. From the Copper Era (or Chalcolithic Age) that has been the move between the Neolithic (Stone) grow older and the Bronze Age, with an overlap of equipment from every age. Believed to have passed away in a skirmish.
165cm tall (5ft your five inches) and weighed regarding 50kg for death
Older about forty-five when he passed away (elderly by simply Neolithic standards). Because government bodies did not realize Otzi's era (they thought it was the body of a contemporary person who acquired come to misadventure inside the mountains), they did not work with archaeologists to exhume Otzi- instead they used a jackhammer! It was only when having been taken to a morgue that they realised his true era, but at that time they had misplaced some of his possessions to prospects taking mementos and had also pierced his hip in the act of removal. From forensic investigation, experts are able to tell about Otzi's: Life and death
Age at loss of life
Lifestyle and likely occupations
What he ate before fatality
Cause(s) of death
Where he originated from
Forensic science utilized to discover information regarding Otzi:
Isotopic dating of his dental enamel (atomic structure examined). Dating and examination of pollen and foodstuffs in his stomach/clothes/in possessions Medical imaging (x-ray and MRI etc . )
-DNA evaluation used to identify his ancestry
Study of some soldier's bodies that had been found in the spot dating back to 1918 who had been also frozen- it is wished study with their bodies presents information on how the ice has afflicted Otzi
That which we know from forensic research of Otzi:
From intestinal tract analysis we can say that he got some goat meat (chamois) and some reddish colored deer in 2 separate meals together with his last meals about almost eight hours prior to he died. He had also eaten a lot of grains and seeds (possibly bread), beginnings and fruits including sloes (a bonbon like fresh fruit from the blackthorn tree).
Pollens in the earlier meals confirm that these people were eaten within a conifer forest at a lower altitude, and the freshness on this pollen suggests that Otzi died in the spring. The grains would have recently been harvested in summer (and thus stored) and the sloes in autumn (stored once again? ).
He suffered from Whipworm infestation
His body was turned above just after his death or perhaps as he was dying while shown by position of his arm.
Otzi's locks had high levels of curare and birdwatcher which triggered speculation that he smelted copper. He also recently had an axe produced from near natural copper to back up this smelting theory.
Study of the one little finger nail reclaimed showed that Otzi was sick 3 times in six months and had previous been unwell for about 14 days around two months before his fatality.
Otzi had multiple tattoo designs around his joints and spine and x-rays display he had arthritis. There is speculation that the tattoos may have been acupressure points or that they body art were put there pertaining to medicinal uses of some kind.
Examination of lower leg and hip bones suggest that Otzi was accustomed to walking over hilly terrain leading to speculation that he was a shepherd or trader.
Otzi had multiple tattoos around his bones and backbone and x-rays show he previously arthritis. The tatoos are recorded known acupressure points. There is speculation the tattoos could have been for medicinal purposes. Clothes and assets
Waterproof shoes or boots that were quite sophisticated (made with endure skin bottoms and deer skin tops). These were covered with turf for insulation. A stiched grass cloak, leggings, loin cloth, coat and a bearskin hat. Sloe cherries.
2 several types of funghi- one particular was likely medicinal as well as the other tinder to start a fire. Copper responsable.
14 arrows- some unfinished...